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Annex: Conflict

Climate Change and Conflict: An Annex to the USAID Climate-Resilient Development Framework
February 2015

This annex considers how climate and non-climate stressors interact, and how they can contribute to or exacerbate conflict and security challenges.

This paper provides a set of guidelines for USAID and its partners to employ in planning, designing, implementing, and learning from programs where climate change and conflict have the potential to interact. It is a complement to USAID’s Climate-Resilient Development Framework,3(CRD Framework), which outlines an approach for helping USAID and its partners achieve development objectives in the face of climate variability and change. It presents a framework for analysis, illustrates how this framework can be applied, and discusses ways to understand conflict dynamics and be attuned to opportunities for peacebuilding through climate-related activities.